• Novelists / Poets = Stephen Leacock, Louis Hémon, Sir Charles G.D. Roberts, Pauline Johnson, Émile Nelligan, Robertson Davies, Margaret Laurence and Mordecai Richler
  • Musicians = Sir Ernest MacMillan and Healey Willan
  • Writers = Joy Kogawa, Michael Ondaatje and Rohinton Mistry
  • Group of Seven | Found in 1920 | style of painting to capture the rugged wilderness landscapes
  • Emily Carr painted the forests and Aboriginal artifacts of the West Coast
  • Pioneers of Modern Abstract Art in 1950s = Les Automatistes (most notably Jean-Paul Riopelle)
  • Sculptor = Louis-Philippe Hébert (Quebec) (of historical figures)
  • Modern Inuit art with etchings, prints and soapstone sculptures = Kenojuak Ashevak
  • Filmmakers = Denys Arcand (Quebec), Norman Jewison and Atom Egoyan
  • Marshall McLuhan and Harold Innis = Thinkers
  • Basketball was invented by James Naismith in 1891
  • Donovan Bailey became a world record sprinter and double Olympic gold medallist
  • Chantal Petitclerc became a world champion wheelchair racer and Paralympic gold medalist
  • Wayne Gretzky = One of the greatest hockey players of all time played for the Edmonton Oilers from 1979 to 1988.
  • Catriona Le May Doan = Won gold medal is speed skating | 2002 Olympic Winter games
  • Terry Fox from BC = Lost a leg to cancer at age 18 | went on a cross-country run, the “Marathon of Hope,” to raise money for cancer research
  • Rick Hansen from BC = circled the globe in a wheelchair to raise funds for spinal cord research.
  • Nobel prize winning scientists = Gerhard Herzberg (refugee from Nazi Germany), John Polanyi, Sidney Altman, Richard E. Taylor, Michael Smith and Bertram Brockhouse

Discoveries and inventions

  • Sir Frederick Banting of Toronto and Charles Best discovered Insulin, a hormone to treat diabetes that has saved 16 million lives world
  • Alexander Graham Bell — hit on the idea of the telephone at his summer house in Canada.
  • Joseph-Armand Bombardier — invented the snowmobile, a light-weight winter vehicle.
  • Sir Sandford Fleming — invented the world system of standard time zones.
  • Mathew Evans and Henry Woodward — together invented the first electric light bulb and later sold the patent to Thomas Edison who, more famously, commercialized the light bulb.
  • Reginald Fessenden — contributed to the invention of radio, sending the first wireless voice message in the world.
  • Dr. Wilder Penfield —was a pioneering brain surgeon at McGill University in Montreal, and was known as “the greatest living Canadian.”
  • Dr. John A. Hopps — invented the first cardiac pacemaker, used today to save the lives of people with heart disorders.
  • SPAR Aerospace / National Research Council — invented the Canadarm, a robotic arm used in outer space.
  • Mike Lazaridis and Jim Balsillie — of Research in Motion (RIM) — a wireless communications company known for its most famous invention, the BlackBerry.

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