• The Crown has been a symbol of the state in Canada for 400 years
  • The Crown is a symbol of government, including Parliament, the legislatures, the courts, police services and the Canadian Forces.
  • The red-white-red pattern comes from the flag of the Royal Military College, Kingston, founded in 1876
  • Red and white are national colours of Canada since 1921
  • The Union Jack is our official Royal Flag
  • Canadian National Flag is red maple leaf in a white background and 2 red borders on the side
  • The Maple Leaf is Canada’s best-known symbol
  • They are carved into the headstones of our fallen soldiers buried overseas and in Canada.
  • The Fleur-de-lys was adopted by the French king in the year 496
  • Symbol of French royalty for more than a thousand years, including the colony of New France
  • In 1948 Quebec adopted its own flag, based on the Cross and the fleur-de-lys.
  • Coat of Arms and Motto = A Mari Usque Ad Mare, which in Latin means “from sea to sea.”
  • Parliament Buildings completed in 1860s
  • Central block was destroyed in accidental fire in 1916 | Rebuilt in 1922
  • The Peace Tower was completed in 1927 in memory of the First World War
  • he Memorial Chamber within the Tower contains the Books of Remembrance in which are written the names of soldiers, sailors and airmen who died serving Canada in wars
  • Legislatures of the other provinces (except Quebec) are Baroque, Romanesque and neoclassical, reflecting the Greco-Roman heritage of Western civilization in which democracy originated.
  • The Quebec National Assembly is built in the French Second Empire style
  • Hockey is Canada’s most popular sport | It is also the national winter sport
  • Ice hockey was developed in Canada in the 1800s
  • National Hockey League plays for the championship Stanley Cup donated by Lord Stanley, the Governor General, in 1892
  • The Clarkson Cup, established in 2005 by Adrienne Clarkson is awarded for women’s hockey
  • Canadian football is the second most popular sport
  • Curling, an ice game introduced by Scottish pioneers, is popular
  • Lacrosse is the official summer sport (an ancient sport first played by Aboriginals)
  • Soccer has the most registered players of any game in Canada.
  • The Beaver was adopted centuries ago as a symbol of the Hudson’s Bay Company
  • In 1834, it became an emblem of the St. Jean Baptiste Society, a French-Canadian patriotic association
  • This industrious rodent can be seen on 5 cent coin, coat of arms of Saskatchewan & Alberta and cities of Montreal and Toronto
  • In 1969, Official Languages Act was passed
  • This ensured:
  • Establish equality between French and English in Parliament, the Government of Canada and institutions subject to the Act;
  • Maintain and develop official language minority communities in Canada; and
  • Promote equality of French and English in Canadian society.
  • Canada was proclaimed as the National Anthem in 1980
  • First sung in Québec City in 1880
  • French and English Canadians sing different words to the National Anthem
  • Royal Anthem = “God Save the Queen (or King)”
  • The Victoria Cross = highest honour available to Canadians and is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery, a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy.

National Public Holidays and Other Important Dates

  • New Year’s Day — January 1
  • Sir John A. Macdonald Day — January 11
  • National Flag of Canada day — February 15
  • Good Friday — Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday
  • Easter Monday — Monday immediately following Easter Sunday
  • Vimy Day — April 9
  • Victoria Day — Monday preceding May 25 (Sovereign’s Birthday)
  • Fête National (Quebec) — June 24 (Feast of St. John the Baptist)
  • Canada Day — July 1
  • Labour Day — First Monday of September
  • Thanksgiving Day — Second Monday of October
  • Remembrance Day — November 11
  • Sir Wilfrid Laurier Day — November 20
  • Christmas Day — December 25
  • Boxing Day — December 26

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